Poḷonnaruwa is the main town of Polonnaruwa District in North Central Province, Sri Lanka. Kaduruwela area is the Polonnaruwa New Town and the other part of Polonnaruwa remains as the royal ancient city of the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa.
The second most ancient of Sri Lanka’s kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first established by the Chola dynasty after their successful invasion of the country’s then capital, Anuradhapura, in the 10th century. The Ancient City of Polonnaruwa has been declared a World Heritage Site.
Geography of Anuradhapura showing paddy fields and water reservoirs. Partially dried water reservoir (Nuwara Wewa) during dry season. Females removing weeds in paddy fields. Water reservoir during the rainy season. Dried up reservoirs during dry season. Flooding in Anuradhapura. Paddy field during the cultivation season.